Khosrov State Preserve
“Khosrov Forest” State Reserve was established in 1958. It is located in Ararat region of Armenia, not far from Ararat valley, on the mountainous ridges Geghama, Yeranos and Yerakh. It occupies a territory of 23,878 ha at the altitudes from 700 to 2,800 m above sea level.
For many centuries Khosrov Forest has been mentioned in the history of Armenia as a noble chase – main entertainment place for the Armenian kings. In spite if its small territory of about 30000 hectares, the state reserve can be proud of a unique biodiversity of plants and animals. Forested and semidesert landscapes of Armenian nature are presented here with unique symbiosis of their flora and fauna.
More than 1850 species of plants are grown in the territory of state reserve, which makes more than 50% of the flora of Armenia. 156 plant species are considered rare, endangered on extinction. Landscapes of the reserve range from semi-desert to mountainous and alpine meadows. 70% of the animals, registered in the Red Book of Armenia, dwell here. Most of them are in the danger of disappearing and are registered in the International Red Book, such as Armenian Mouflon (wild sheep) and an amazing hedgehog with large ears. The reserve includes also 192 species of birds, fish, reptiles, amphibias.
One of the most stunning natural attractions of reserve is “Symphony of Stones”, also called “Basalt organ”. It’s a massive rock structure formed by basalt hexagonal pillars due to the frozen flows of lava. These huge rocks look like an organ, so people call it “Basalt Organ”.
Among other sights on the territory of the forest are beautiful waterfalls. They are called by names of Armenian pagan gods Astghik (godess of love) and Vahagn (god of war)
Khosrov Reserve is 60 km far from Yerevan, so it takes about an hour to get there. It’s located south of Garni Temple.